Verses 1-9 (1 Chronicles 3:1-9)

We had an account of David?s sons, 2 Sam. 3:2-5; 5:14-16 1. He had many sons; and no doubt wrote as he thought, Ps. 127:5. Happy is the man that hath his quiver full of these arrows. 2. Some of them were a grief to him, as Amnon, Absalom, and Adonijah; and we do not read of any of them that imitated his piety or devotion except Solomon, and he came far short of it. 3. One of them, which Bath-sheba bore to him, he called Nathan, probably in honour of Nathan the prophet, who reproved him for his sin in that matter and was instrumental to bring him to repentance. It seems he loved him the better for it as long as he lived. It is wisdom to esteem those our best friends that deal faithfully with us. From this son of David our Lord Jesus descended, as appears Luke 3:31. 4. Here are two Elishamas, and two Eliphelets, 1 Chron. 3:6, 8. Probably the two former were dead, and therefore David called two more by their names, which he would not have done if there had been any ill omen in this practice as some fancy. 5. David had many concubines; but their children are not named, as not worthy of the honour (1 Chron. 3:9), the rather because the concubines had dealt treacherously with David in the affair of Absalom. 6. Of all David?s sons Solomon was chosen to succeed him, perhaps not for any personal merits (his wisdom was God?s gift), but so, Father, because it seemed good unto thee.

- Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary