The double charge of these verses, first to the people and then to Solomon, is full of force and majesty. Translate, Now therefore in the sight of all Israel—the congregation of the Lord, and in the hearing of our God ("Hear me," 1 Chronicles 28:2 ), keep ye and study to do all the commandments of the Lord your God ( Deuteronomy 4:21 , Deuteronomy 4:26 ; Deuteronomy 30:19 ; Le 25:46; Jeremiah 3:18 ). The. expression, Know thou the God of thy father , for a practical knowledge and fear of God, is analogous with the expression, "Hear thou," for the matter of practical obedience ; e.g. "If they hear not Moses and the prophets" ( Luke 16:1-31 :32). Although there are not very many instances of this use of the word "know," its antiquity and classical character may be considered guaranteed by such passages as Job 18:21 ; 1 Samuel 2:12 ; Proverbs 3:6 ; Psalms 36:10 ; Jeremiah 9:2 ; Hosea 5:4 ; Hosea 6:3 . The expression, "the God of thy father," evidently intended to be touching, is more fully given in verse 20, "God, even my God, will be with thee," which in its turn reminds us of Paul's language, "But my God shall supply all your need" ( Philippians 4:19 ). The urgent entreaty on the part of David breathes in every sentence of it, thought, and a mode of presentation of it, feeling, and depth of conviction, with which we are familiar in his psalms. He speaks from his own varied, remarkable, and rich experience of the Divine care and jealous love, and from much personal experience of the deceitfulness of the heart, to Solomon, into whom, were it possible, he would pour the advantage of all he had learned, and from whom he would hide nothing of his intense and anxious solicitude. To the same strain he returns in verse 20, but there with more exclusive reference to the undertaking of the building of "the house of the Lord," or the house for the sanctuary . One thing only fails, perhaps, to be made quite apparent from the language of David, viz. why he deemed it necessary to urge so strenuously on Solomon the enterprise of building the temple and of carrying it to completion. With abundance of means and preparations so large already made, one might have supposed a young king and a young man would have needed little pressure and little exhortation. Nevertheless, in the manifest presence of David's words, it is very far from impossible to suppose the dangers and temptations of Solomon's position as constituting a serious risk.