Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary

Verses 14-19 (2 Chronicles 20:14-19)

We have here God?s gracious answer to Jehoshaphat?s prayer; and it was a speedy answer. While he was yet speaking God heard: before the congregation was dismissed they had assurance given them that they should be victorious; for it is never in vain to seek God. 1. The spirit of prophecy came upon a Levite that was present, not in any place of eminency, but in the midst of the congregation, 2 Chron. 20:14. The Spirit, like the wind, blows where and on whom he listeth. He was of the sons of Asaph, and therefore one of the singers; on that office God would put an honour. Whether he was a prophet before this or no is uncertain, most probably he was, which would make him the more regarded. There needed no sign, the thing itself was to be performed the very next day, and that would be confirmation enough to his prophecy. 2. He encouraged them to trust in God, though the danger was very threatening (2 Chron. 20:15): ?Be not afraid; you have admitted fear enough to bring you to God, do not now admit that which will drive you to God, do not now admit that which will drive you from him again. The battle is not yours; it is not in your own strength, not for your own cause, that you engage; the battle is God?s: he does and will, as you have desired, interest himself in the cause.? 3. He gives them intelligence of the motions of the enemy, and orders them to march towards them, with particular directions where they should find them. To-morrow (the day after the fast) go you down against them, 2 Chron. 20:16, 17. It is fit that he who commands the deliverance should command those for whom the deliverance is to be wrought, and give the necessary orders, both for time and place. 4. He assures them that they should be, not the glorious instruments, but the joyful spectators, of the total defeat of the enemy: ?You shall not need to strike a stroke; the work shall be done to your hands; only stand still and see it,? 2 Chron. 20:17. As Moses said to Israel at the Red Sea (Exod. 14:13), ?God is with you, who is able to do his work himself, and will do it. If the battle be his, the victory shall be his too.? Let but the Christian soldier go out against his spiritual enemies, and the God of peace will tread them under his feet and make him more than a conqueror. 5. Jehoshaphat and his people received these assurances with faith, reverence, and thankfulness. (1.) They bowed their heads, Jehoshaphat first, and then all the people, fell before the Lord, and worshipped, receiving with a holy awe and fear of God this token of his favour, and saying with faith, Be it unto us according to thy word. (2.) They lifted up their voices in praise to God, 2 Chron. 20:19. An active faith can give thanks for a promise though it be not yet performed, knowing that God?s bonds are as good as ready money. God hath spoken in his holiness; I will rejoice, Ps. 60:5.

- Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary