John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary

Verse 13 (Ephesians 2:13)

But now in Christ Jesus ,.... Being openly and visibly in Christ, created in him, and become believers in him; as they were before secretly in him, as chosen and blessed in him before the foundation of the world:

ye who sometimes were far off ; who in their state of unregeneracy were afar off from God, and from his law, and from any spiritual knowledge of him and fellowship with him; and from Jesus Christ, and from the knowledge of his righteousness, and the way of salvation by him; and from the Spirit, and any acquaintance with the things of the Spirit, and from minding them, and from walking after him; and from the saints and people of God, and from any love to them, and communion with them; and from any solid hopes of happiness, or real peace and comfort; which distance was owing both to Adam's sin and to their own transgressions: it is an observation of a Jewish writer F1 R. Abraham Seba, Tzeror Hammor, fol. 7. 2. on Genesis 3:9 "where art thou?" he (God) knew where he was, but he said so to show him that he was מרוחפ , "afar off from" God by his sin: see Isaiah 59:2 , and yet

are made nigh by the blood of Christ : so as to have nearness of access to and communion with God, Father, Son, and Spirit, and the saints, in virtue of the blood of Christ; which gives boldness and speaks peace; by which their persons are justified, the pardon of their sins is procured, reconciliation is made, and their garments are washed, and made white; and so they draw nigh with confidence by the faith of him.

- John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary