John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary

Verse 4 (Zechariah 5:4)

I will bring it forth, saith the Lord of hosts ,.... The roll was come forth, and was flying abroad; but the curse and wrath of God, signified by it, is what God would bring forth out of his treasures, according to his purposes and declarations, and execute upon sinners; which shows the certainty of it, and that there is no escaping it:

and it shall enter into the house of the thief, and into the house of him that sweareth falsely by my name; and it shall remain in the midst of his house, and shall consume it with the timber thereof, and the stones thereof ; when wrath is gone forth from the Lord, there is no stopping it; and where it takes place it will remain, there is no getting rid of it; it makes an utter desolation of goods and estates, and entirely destroys both body and soul in hell: there seems to be an allusion to the plague of the leprosy, Leviticus 14:45 . So the son of Sirach says,

"a man that swears much shall be full of iniquity, and the plague shall not depart from his house:'

and again,

"if a man swears in vain, he shall not be innocent or justified, for his house shall be full of calamities F25 Ecclesiasticus xxiii. 11. .'

So the oracle in Herodotus F26 Erato, sive l. 6. c. 86. , which Grotius has observed, makes an utter destruction of a man's house and family, to be the punishment of the sin of perjury. Moreover, by the house of the thief and swearer may be meant the temple, as in the times of Christ, which was become a den of thieves and perjurers, and for their sins, became desolate, Matthew 21:13 .

- John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary