John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary

Verse 3 (Zechariah 11:3)

There is a voice of the howling of the shepherds ,.... Which may be understood either of the civil rulers among the Jews, who now lose their honour and their riches; and so the Targum, Jarchi, and Aben Ezra, interpret it of kings; or of the ecclesiastical rulers, the elders of the people, the Scribes and Pharisees:

for their glory is spoiled ; their power and authority; their riches and wealth; their places of honour and profit; their offices, posts, and employments, whether in civil or religious matters, are taken from them, and they are deprived of them:

a voice of the roaring of young lions ; of princes, comparable to them for their power, tyranny, and cruelty: the Targum is,

"their roaring is as the roaring of young lions:'

for the pride of Jordan is spoiled ; a place where lions and their young ones resorted, as Jarchi observes; See Gill on Jeremiah 49:19 . Jordan is here put for the whole land of Judea now wasted, and so its pride and glory gone; as if the waters of Jordan were dried up, the pride and glory of that, and which it showed when its waters swelled and overflowed; hence called by Pliny F24 Nat. Hist. l. 5. c. 15. "ambitiosus amnis", a haughty and ambitious swelling river.

- John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary