John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary

Verse 12 (Zephaniah 2:12)

Ye Ethiopians also ,.... Or, "as for ye Ethiopians also" F8 גם א־תאם כושים "etiam ad vos Aethiopes quod attinet", Piscator. ; not the Ethiopians in Africa beyond Egypt, at a distance from the land of Israel, and the countries before mentioned; but the inhabitants of Arabia Chusea, or Ethiopia, which lay near to Moab and Ammon; these should not escape, but suffer with their neighbours, who sometimes distressed the people of the Jews, and made war with them, being nigh them; see 2 Chronicles 14:9 ,

ye shall be slain by my sword ; or, "the slain of my sword are they" F9 חללי חרבי המה "interfecti gladio meo ipsi", Montanus. ; R. Japhet thinks here is a defect of the note of similitude "as", which should be supplied thus, "ye" are, or shall be, "the slain of my sword", as they; as the Moabites and Ammonites; that is, these Ethiopians should be slain as well as they by the sword of Nebuchadnezzar; which is called the sword of God, because he was an instrument in the hand of God for punishing the nations of the earth. This was fulfilled very probably when Egypt was subdued by Nebuchadnezzar, with whom Ethiopia was confederate, as well as near unto it, Jeremiah 46:1 . The destruction of these by the Assyrians is predicted, Isaiah 20:4 .

- John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary