For thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel ,.... Under which titles he is often spoken of; and which he uses, when he delivered anything to his prophets to declare in his name to others:
I have put a yoke of iron upon the neck of all these nations : mentioned in Jeremiah 27:3 ;
that they may serve Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and they shall serve him ; directly contrary to what Hananiah had prophesied, Jeremiah 28:11 ; that his yoke should be broke off from them; but instead of that, it should become heavier unto them, and they should be obliged to serve him, whether they would or not; and refusing to pay tribute to him, should be carried captive by him, as had been foretold:
and I have given him the beasts of the field also ; as he had said he would, Jeremiah 27:6 ; and which is repeated, to show that the whole would be punctually fulfilled; that not only those nations, the men, the inhabitants of them, would be delivered to him; but even the very cattle, and all that belonged to them.