John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary

Verse 9 (Jeremiah 11:9)

And the Lord said unto me ,.... After he had given him the order to publish and proclaim the words of the covenant, and exhort to obedience to them; he showed the prophet the reason of it, and opened to him a secret he was not acquainted with:

a conspiracy is found among the men of Judah, and among the inhabitants of Jerusalem ; not against the king, and against the civil government, but against the King of kings, against God and his covenant, his word and his worship; some designs were forming to cashier these, and introduce a new religion, the idolatry of the Gentiles; and it was not a few only that were in the scheme, the combination was general, city and country were in it; the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the more polite part of the nation, and the country people, that dwelt in the several cities of Judah, were all united in this affair; and this was found out by him who sees and knows all things. It is common for innovators in religion to lay schemes privately, and secretly inculcate them, before things are ripe for the open introduction of them. The Syriac version renders it, "a rebellion"; and conspiracies often issue in open rebellion; and so the Targum,

"and it is found that the men of Judah, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, have rebelled against my word.'

- John Gills Exposition of the Bible Commentary