In the day of prosperity be joyful ,.... Or, "in a good day"
"in the day the Lord does well to thee be thou also in goodness, and do good to all the world;'
see Galatians 6:10 ; Jarchi's paraphrase is,
"when it is in thine hand to do good, be among those that do good;'
but in the day of adversity consider ; or, "in the day of evil"
"that the evil day may not come upon thee, see and behold;'
be careful and circumspect, and behave in a wise manner, that so it may be prevented. Jarchi's note is,
"when evil comes upon the wicked, be among those that see, and not among those that are seen;'
and compares it with Isaiah 66:24 ; It may be observed, that there is a set time for each of these, prosperity and adversity; and that the time is short, and therefore called a day; and the one is good, and the other is evil; which characters they have according to the outward appearance, and according to the judgment and esteem of men; otherwise, prosperity is oftentimes hurtful, and destroys fools, and adversity is useful to the souls of good men;
God also hath set the one over against the other ; they are both by his appointment, and are set in their proper place, and come in their proper time; succeed each other, and answer to one another, as day and night, summer and winter, and work, together for the good of men;
to the end that man should find nothing after him ; should not be able to know what will be hereafter; what his case and circumstances will be, whether prosperous or adverse; since things are so uncertain, and so subject to change, and nothing permanent; and therefore can find nothing to trust in and depend upon, nothing that he can be sure of: and things are so wisely managed and disposed, that a man can find no fault with them, nor just reason to complain of them; so the Vulgate Latin version, "not find just complaints against him"; and to the same purpose the Syriac version, "that he may complain of him"; the Targum is,
"not find any evil in this world.'