Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Verse 24 (2 Kings 17:24)

The king of Assyria brought men from Babylon - He removed one people entirely, and substituted others in their place; and this he did to cut off all occasion for mutiny or insurrection; for the people being removed from their own land, had no object worthy of attention to contend for, and no patrimony in the land of their captivity to induce them to hazard any opposition to their oppressors.

By men from Babylon, we may understand some cities of Babylonia then under the Assyrian empire; for at this time Babylon had a king of its own; but some parts of what was called Babylonia might have been still under the Assyrian government.

From Cuthah - This is supposed to be the same as Cush, the Chaldeans and Syrians changing ש shin into ת tau ; thus they make כוש Cush into כות Cuth ; and אשור Ashshur , Assyria, into אתור Attur . From these came the Scythae; and from these the Samaritans were called Cuthaeans, and their language Cuthite. The original language of this people, or at least the language they spoke after their settlement in Israel, is contained in the Samaritan version of the Pentateuch, printed under the Hebraeo-Samaritan in vol. i. of the London Polyglot. This Cuthah was probably the country in the land of Shinar, first inhabited by Cush.

From Ava - The Avim were an ancient people, expelled by the Caphtorim from Hazerim, Deuteronomy 2:23 .

From Hamath - This was Hemath or Emath of Syria, frequently mentioned in the sacred writings.

From Sepharvaim - There was a city called Syphera, near the Euphrates; others think the Saspires, a people situated between the Colchians and the Medes, are meant. There is much uncertainty relative to these places: all that we know is, that the Assyrians carried away the Israelites into Assyria, and placed them in cities and districts called Halah and Habor by the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes, 2 Kings 17:6 ; and it is very likely that they brought some of the inhabitants of those places into the cities of Israel.

- Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible